|Pendleton County, 1889||Pendleton County, 1935
(red lines are roads; black are railroads)
|Pendleton County, 1940
map of Magisterial Districts
|Pendleton County was the 28th county formed in Kentucky. The law enacting Pendleton County was passed on December 13, 1798 and the county was formed on May 10, 1799 from parts of Bracken and Campbell Counties. Its boundaries are unchanged since April 22, 1882. It has an area of 280.5 square miles, making it the 74th largest of Kentucky's 120 counties.|
Chicago's Newberry Library has posted online a complete set of maps of American counties formations. They start with the date of county formation, and trace every little change to the boundaries after that. Pendleton County has had 3 such changes, and you can see the Pendleton maps here (pdf). To see the counties from which the county was formed, you'll have to download the entire Kentucky state pdf. There's also a feature that you can use to import all this data into Google maps. Good stuff!
For a textual history of various Pendleton county Communities, you'll want to go
to this site, and read
"The First 200 Years of Pendleton County" by Mildred Bowen Belew
There's A LOT of good old Pendleton County pictures at their Rootsweb site, here.
Pendleton County was formed from Campbell and Bracken Counties; it
was created on December 13, 1798. It was Kentucky's 28th county, and
named after Edmond Pendleton. There's a bio of him at this site.
In 1876, the R. L. Polk Company published The Kentucky State Gazetteer and Business Directory, which listed information about virtually every town in Kentucky. The listings from Pendleton County are these:
|Boston Station||Butler||Knoxville||Morgan||Peach Grove||Catawba|
|The R. L. Polk Company updated their Kentucky State Gazetteer and Business Directory in 1883-84, and included these Pendleton communities:|
|Bachelor's Rest||Boston||Butler||Catawba||De Mossville|
|Motier||Mt. Auburn||Peach Grove|
Membership Lists from the Masonic Lodges in 1911: (pdf's)
Who's who in Pendleton County, in 1840.
An earlier Gazetteer published in Louisville, was George W. Hawes’ Kentucky State Gazetteer and Business Directory, for 1859 and 1860. It's pre-Civil War, but only has detail on these two towns:
Falmouth was given a couple of pages in the Covington Directory of 1874. You can read those here. (pdf)
|From the papers of E. E. Barton, comes this paper (pdf) covering The History of Pendleton County Schools; The Medical Profession and Its Practitioners; and A History of the Judiciary and the Bar in Pendleton. It's a BIG file, please be patient. The actual author is unknown; the date appears to be c. 1900.|
|A description of Pendleton County Barton wrote in 1917 is here . (pdf)||
Barton published a newspaper, which in 1899 ran a list of all the Pendleton County Precincts and their officers, 1899, here.
|T. M. Barton reports the Pendleton County news in 1877, here.|
|You should be aware that these excerpts from the work of E. E. Barton barely scratch the surface of the man's work. There are dozens of reels of microfilm of his work, and you can find that microfilm at the library in Falmouth, and at the Kentucky Historical Society in Frankfort. It's a genealogical mother lode, if that's your thing. And there's an index at Rootsweb.|
The list from World War I is here.
“Cincinnati, Wednesday, Oct. 7.-Maj.Wileman, of the Eighteenth Kentucky regiment, who was wounded in the Battle of Chickamauga, and who lately returned home, was taken from his house, in Pendleton County, Ky., on Monday, by a gang of guerrillas, stripped of his clothing, tied to a tree, and shot. Five of the marauders were caught and brought to this city today.” New York Times, October 8, 1863
Wileman's murder evidently didn't sit well with the authorities, who offered this.
Every county in America was supposed to write its history for America's Centennial in 1876.
Some did; some didn't. Pendleton County did. It's here.
The Rev. Joel Shoemaker offers this piece on Pendleton history in 1932
|Silver mining in Pendleton County? That's what it says in this item from 1859.||“Slaveholders Convention – Emancipation in Kentucky. It has been proposed to us, by several gentlemen who own slaves in Kentucky, that they (the slaveholders) hold a convention on Frankfort to adopt some plan for the Abolition of Slavery, and that we so announce it; and that the Hon. W. H. Luke, of Pendleton County, a Slaveholder, be appointed by the friends of the convention, as one in his part of the state to draw up a proposition for its gradual abolition.” Newport (Ky.) News” Reprinted in the New York Times of September 15, 1855.|
|Ohio and Kentucky Governors both get involved over John Fee in this Falmouth slave case. John Fee was a Bracken County abolitionist who went on to found Berea College. His Wikipedia page is here.|
|“There is in this county, in Little Kincaid creek, three miles from Falmouth, a rock upon which there is a plain impression of a buffalo’s foot. This curiosity has been known to the local community by citizens of the county for more than eighty years.” Courier-Journal, June 5, 1875, quoting the Falmouth Independent.||“About a week since, ‘Squire Robt. Watson, of Pendleton county, was called upon to go four miles in the country to marry a couple. He arrived and commenced the ceremony, but when about half through, a general fight was indulged in by five brothers of the bride. This occurrence, however, did not stop the proceedings, the couple were pronounce man and wife, and the ‘Squire departed.” Courier-Journal, August 7, 1874|
|If you go to Google Books and search for “Kentucky Public Documents Decoursey”(no quotes), you can find a government report with exhaustively detailed depositions given in regard to election fraud in Campbell and Pendleton Counties in 1865. It's good, detailed stuff, especially for the time period. On the other hand, if you download the pdf - and you can, free - note first that it's 781 pages long (it contains more than just Kentucky election fraud).||“Candidates are plentiful
in Pendleton County. The Falmouth Independent, of last week, announced no less than four candidates for County Judge;
three for County Attorney; fifteen for jailer; seventeen for Assessor; three for County Clerk; one for Surveyor; and three
for Sheriff; a total of forty-six persons who are desirous of serving their county in the capacity of county officers.
From this can be gathered the moral of hard times: numbers of persons who would not otherwise descend into the cesspool of
politics feel themselves driven to seek for various offices.”
The Boone County Recorder, January 31, 1878
|“Falmouth – The blue ribbons [a temperance group] are still on the rampage, and expect to close their labors here this week, gong to Butler, Demossville and Boston. They claim to have between five hundred and six hundred disciples in this place. You can see big and little, whites and blacks, at every corner, with the inevitable strip of blue pinned to their lapels.” From the Daily commonwealth, December 12, 1877||“The force dispatched Wednesday night down the Lexington road, reached Falmouth safely at 3 a. m. yesterday. No rebels were there, and all the bridges between that point and Covington were saved. Additional forces from Gen. Heintzelman’s Department were received by Gen. Hobson, and dispatched down the road. The One-Hundred and Sixty-Eighth Ohio (hundred day men) went down to Falmouth at 1 o’clock yesterday afternoon. The bridges of the Kentucky Central Railroad, with the exception of that at Townsend [5.5 miles n, of Paris, near what is now Shawhan], can be easily repaired, and even that can be put in running order in five days. The abutments and piers for a new bridge were nearly completed, and the timber prepared for the superstructure. The company have everything in readiness to complete a new and more permanent structure at Townsend than that destroyed.” From the New York Times, June 12, 1864.|
|“We have at our office, says the Falmouth Independent, some specimens of Pendleton county coal, given us by Mr. P. F. Keith, who says he thinks he has found it in sufficient quantities to insure success in mining.” Courier-Journal, September 12, 1871||“Unionism in Kentucky.— Considerable excitement was occasioned at Falmouth, Pendleton county, Ky . lately, by the partially successful attempt of the nest of Secessionists, led on by the Clerk and Deputy-Clerk of the Circuit Court for that county, to raise a Secession flag upon a building in that place. A Cincinnati exchange says that the Union citizens gave the party to understand that if the flag was raised there the building would be destroyed. They then hoisted the flag on the house of a widow, but the offensive banner was speedily pulled down and torn to pieces. This is the second attempt which has been made to hoist a Secession flag in Falmouth, but from the prompt manner in which the thing was crushed, it will be safe to predict that it will be the last.” Daily Alta California, June 13, 1861|
The Falmouth Outlook is on line here.
You can buy their Forks of the Licking Bicentennial Edition history and picture book of Pendleton
County by calling them at (859) 654-3332, or mailing a check to them at 210 Main St. in Falmouth.
Only $25.45, and that includes postage. Recommended.
|The 1878 Biographical Encyclopedia of Kentucky
had these entries for folks with a Pendleton County connection (all are pdf's)
|W. J. Perrin||Jacob Theophilus Simon||T. G. Hall||G. C. Lightfoot||G. R. Rule|
|W. W. Ireland||Joseph Desha Pickett||J. H. Fryer||James Wilson|
|“Falmouth, Pendleton County, is one of the old towns, dating
from 1790, and claims something like two thousand people.
Pendleton is called 'the county which came back,' as some years ago,
on account of the worn-out condition of the soil, about a third of
the population moved away. Then sweet clover was planted, the
bees came and founded a great honey-making colony, dairying
developed, and the county and county seat were reinstated on the
map.” from Samuel Wilson's History of Kentucky.
More detail on how sweet clover saved Pendleton County is here.
|“We have the authority of John McDonald, Esq., who lives in the Eastern portion of the county, five miles from Falmouth, for saying that a real, genuine wild-cat was captured on his place one day last week. It was perfectly black, and measured four feet and eight inches from tip of nose to tip of tail. Mr. M. informs me that his tenant, who captured the animal, measured the distance from a fence from which he saw it jump to a tree, and it was fifty steps. A big jump, wasn't it?” Courier-Journal, August 6, 1875,which is quoting the Falmouth Independent|
The First Annual Report of the Banking Commissioner of Kentucky listed Statements as of June 04, 1913 for:
|The Butler Deposit Bank||The Citizens Bank of Falmouth||The Pendleton Bank [Falmouth]||The Farmers Bank of Morgan|
The on-line encyclopedia Wikipedia has articles on
|Resources, Attractions, and Opportunities in Pendleton County, c. 1930|
|Inquiring minds will ask why the Pendleton County jail is holding two slaves, 16 months after the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863. Frankfort's Tri-Weekly Commonwealth, April 20, 1864|
|A few news bits from 1876, here.||Leading Pendleton County Citizens, of 1847, here.||
A list of the first automobiles registered in Pendleton County is here.
First Pendleton County car owners are here.
|In 1917, L. T. Craig wrote about Falmouth 65 years earlier. That dates his remarks to 1852 or so.||In 1908, the Falmouth Churches counted noses. Results here.||A few Civil War recollections from James Ogden, here.|
A Civil War report from Falmouth, here.
|A pair of Pendleton County Civil War episodes here, and here.||
“David and Pharis Mefford, father and son, were arrested in Catawba, Kentucky on Thursday for disloyalty.” Daily Wabash Express (Ind.), October 5, 1861
|Civil War prisoners from Pendleton County, here.|
“Pendleton Klan No. 12 is one of the peppiest Klans in the state. They have a definite program laid out to work to and are carrying it out to perfection. The officers elected are on the job and functioning like clockwork.” Fiery Cross, January 2, 1925. The Fiery Cross was the official newspaper of the Ku Klux Klan.
“Cincinnati, October 7. – Major Windman, of the 18th Kentucky Regiment, wounded in the Battle of Chickamauga, lately returned home, was taken from his house in Pendleton county, Ky., on Monday, by gang of guerrillas, stripped of his clothing, tied to a tree and shot. Five of the murderers were caught and brought to this city yesterday.” Evansville Daily Journal, October 8. 1863
|Murderer sentenced to hang in Falmouth, details here.||Falmouth's Frank Browning played for the Detroit Tigers in 1910. His record is at this site.||Pendleton slaves attempt to escape, here.|
In 1908, the Falmouth Outlook published a selection of letters to Santa. Some are here.
Mrs. Louis Woolery wrote on “Some Old Homes of Pendleton County,” from 1940, here. (pdf)
|Report of Pendleton County from the Handbook of Kentucky, by the Kentucky Department of Agriculture, 1908, here. (pdf)|
|The murder of Falmouth's town Marshall in 1890, here.||Cholera kills 58 just in Grassy Creek in 1851. Story here.||Railroad opens as far a Pendleton County from Covington. Celebration ensues. Here.|
|“War in Pendleton. – A party of citizens of Pendleton county, last week, turned out to the number of fifty to eject a man named Finney, who kept a bawdy house in the upper part of the county. After some demonstration of resistance Finney was taken and escorted with an armed force to the river- flogged and ducked, and then permitted to depart.” From the Louisville Daily Courier, May 10, 1853||“Silver Mines in Pendleton County – A correspondent of the Maysville Eagle, who is endorsed as reliable, reports great excitement in Pendleton county, caused by silver ore in large quantities, of pure quality, having been found there. We are inclined to think the story should have been deferred to the 1st of April.” Louisville Daily Courier, March 25, 1859|
|Paranoia about Negro voting spurs Pendletonians to action in 1888, story here.||The six-mile-wide tornado of 1828, here.|
In 1937 UK released surveys of known archaeological sites by county. Pendleton County’s is here. (pdf)
|There's a collection of old and new pics of Pendleton County scenes at this site.|
|A Directory of Falmouth and Pendleton County from 1927 is here. (pdf)||The Cynthiana Weekly had Falmouth items from 1853, 1869 and 1871, here.(pdf)||Pendleton County's Historical Markers are at this site.|
In 1969, Edna Talbott Whitley compiled a list of Cabinetmakers in Kentucky. The Pendleton County portion of that list is here.
|There are two Pendleton Counties in the US. The other one is Pendleton County, West Virginia.||Pendleton County sites placed on the National Places of Historical Places listed at this site.|
|Devastating tornadoes and heavy rains hit Pendleton County on July 7, 1915, here,
here, and here.
See the details of all the Northern Kentucky damage here.
“In Pendleton County’s primary of 1878, the local newspaper reported that scores of outsiders and opposition party members voted and that candidates using the most money and dispensing the most whiskey emerged victorious.” Robert Ireland in The County in Kentucky History
“Twenty-one slaves in the vicinity of Falmouth, Kentucky, escaped on Sunday, and made toward Canada, on the underground railroad.” The National Era, June 22, 1854
|A writer who signs himself “B,” in anticipation of the opening of the railroad in 1853, tells about the advantages of Falmouth and Pendleton County. Read it here.||The Kincaid Regional Theatre is here.|
|Rebel guerrillas commit “all manner of outrages” in anticipation of coming rebel forces in 1862. More here.|
|The obituary of the Rev. Aaron Broadus, here.||The Centennial Mill, here.||Falmouth posse pursues man to Ohio, here. Another posse is more successful after a different fugitive, here.|
A 7-foot-long Raccoon?
|Pendleton County excerpts from Lewis Collins' History of Kentucky, here.|
|The Falmouth Covered Bridge Burns, 1926. Story here. (pdf)||“Falmouth, Ky., April 20. - A balloon was seen passing at high level elevation over Falmouth, going east-southeast, at 5:30 this morning.” Cincinnati Daily Press, April 22, 1861|
|“Cincinnati, February 4th.— Disastrous floods are reported in the Big Sandy, Little Miami and Licking riven. At Falmouth, on the latter river, distilleries and sawmill and other manufactories were submerged and suffered much loss. The river was full of the contents of fields and granaries. Many bridges on the turnpikes were carried away throughout the country. At Butler, Ky., the Licking river was within a few inches of the highest mark known, which was in 1854. In Newport, Ky., there is already considerable encroachment on the lower portions of the city. Six inches more of water will cut off street-car travel between Newport and Covington. The outlook is not so favorable as it was last night.” Daily Alta California, Volume 42, Number 13672, 5 February 1887||“Wm. Cummins, of Pendleton county, has shipped this season 139 bushels of plums, all of his own raising.” Courier-Journal, September 9, 1876|
|Don't Miss Origins of Pendleton County Place Names, here.|
A site dedicated to the bridges of Pendleton County is here.
Some Pendleton County Cemetery records are at this site.
Murder in Butler, October 9, 1877. Read all about it, here.
|A 87 year old man pays $3 alimony, and, a lamb with 8 legs: both in the 1909 society column, here.||The number of one room schools in Pendleton County for the 1909-1910 school year? 45. There's a complete list, here.||More about Pendleton County's Dr. Phillip Sharp, Northern Kentucky's only winner of the Nobel Prize, here.|
Detailed Presidential voting statistics from Pendleton County are here.
|The Kentucky Department of Agriculture's assessment of agriculture in Pendleton County, in 1898-1899 can be found here. (pdf)||James Bradley, once a slave in Pendleton County,
wrote an account, in 1834, of how he worked to buy himself out of slavery. Read it here.
|Lawyers of Pendleton County, 1872, here.|
|Pendleton County precincts and election offices, from 1899 are here.||The Pendleton Gen Web site is here.||The official Pendleton County site is here.|
In 1930, Kentucky Progress Magazine ran a feature letting each of Kentucky's counties list their accomplishments for 1929. What Pendleton County came up with is here. (pdf)
There are a number of good links to historical Pendleton County on their Roots Web site, here.
Emma McClanahan noted in 1934 that Pendleton County, in 1910, had 3,108 colonies of bees, and that by 1927 that number had grown to 20,000, with annual honey shipments amounting to 2,000,000 pounds.
Members of the Free & Accepted Masons (F. & A.M. ) Lodges in Pendleton County, in 1885 are here:
|William Frances Corbin
In 1955, Mrs. Warren Shonert wrote about the story
of W. F. Corbin and Jefferson McGraw, two Confederate
soldiers from Peach Grove who, as prisoners of war, were
executed by a firing squad. Read it here. (pdf)
|James H. Gregory
Company F, 2nd Kentucky Infantry, C.S.A.
killed in a battle near Atlanta, May 28, 1864
|A contemporary version of the execution is here.|
Can you name the fifty-five (55!) town names in Pendleton
County that have had US post offices? That list is here.
|This Pendleton County Map is from 1931.||In 1940, Chris Wilson wrote his master's thesis at the University of Cincinnati on the consolidation of many Pendleton County Schools. These are the before and after maps from that document. You can read some details of the school districts of the time in this excerpt. (pdf)||Map of every Pendleton Community ever, it seems.|
The Pendleton County High School yearbook has been The Echo, for a long time.
Falmouth High School, on the other hand, changed yearbook names lots of times
|1953, and 1956||The Red and White|
|1961, and 1962||Pace Setter|
|1967, and 1968||The Retrospect|
On the Falmouth - Covington Road
North of Piner on 16? Grassy Creek?
from Trow's Legal Directory of Lawyers in the United States, 1875
|The Kentuckiana Digital Library has a number of Pendleton County images. Quality is erratic, but it's worth a look, here.||Remember when William Jennings Bryan spoke in Falmouth? Details.|
|Why was there a shotgun wielding farmer taking his crop to market in 1908? For the same reason this article says “Each wagon carried its own artillery.” Because those were the years of the Great Kentucky Tobacco Wars. Get the details on the Tobacco Wars here. Another Pendleton incident is here. The Falmouth Outlook reprinted this Grant County News item encouraging farmers to do “everything sacredly and determinedly as it is possible” to avoid rising a 1908 crop.|
|1861 law covered which birds you can and can not kill in Pendleton County.||Teddy Roosevelt also stopped in Falmouth. Details.|
|Kentucky Progress published this article (pdf) on Falmouth and Pendleton County.||We recommend a history of Falmouth written by Dr. H. C. Clark, on the occasion of the new bridge opening in1927. Read it here. (pdf)|
|Short version: White man attempts to stab Black man. Black man fights back. Black man lynched. Longer version.|
In 1919, there was a farm census, counting livestock, crops and farms. Pendleton County's is here.
On August 4, 1852, the Cincinnati Daily Gazette published the State of Kentucky’s Hog Assessment – the number of hogs over 6 months old per county. The number in Pendleton County was 5,430.
“Falmouth tobacco dealers have bought as follows this year: Bullock, Mullins, & Co., 250,000 pounds; Browning & Co., 200,000; H. N. Newman, 150,000. Mr. J. W. Chowning, of Morgan, has received about 150,000 pounds.” from Covington’s Daily Commonwealth, March 27. 1879
|The results of a 1799 vendue (auction) in Pendleton County. That's so far back the prices realized are in pounds and shillings. Item listing and buyers here.|
|In 1838, The Rev. John B. Mahan, of Sardinia, Ohio, an abolitionist, was kidnapped from Ohio and taken to Washington, Ky., for trial for helping Pendleton County slaves escape to freedom. There's a short version at this site, or, you can read the subsequent book published about his trial at Google books, here.|
|In 1864, seventeen Pendleton citizens, who had paid $300 to get out of the Civil War draft - an acceptable practice in those days - decided that since the draft quota was already filled, they should get their $300 back. More particulars on these true patriots is at this site.||We've got seven short 19th century Pendleton County articles from the New York Times. Too short to justify a whole page; too long to put them here, so you can read all seven by going here.|
|On March 23, 1826, a Kentucky representative, Mr. James Johnson, submitted a resolution that the military build an armory at Horse Shoe Bend, in Pendleton County, Kentucky. Read it, and read about it, here.||“The Falmouth Guide inaugurated its sixteenth birthday by enlarging from a six-column to a seven-column paper. The Guide recently discarded the ready-print and is now one of the few all home print papers in this part of the state.” from the Mt. Olivet Tribune-Democrat, April 5, 1894.|
|“The new toll-gate house on the Butler and Greenwood Pike is now completed and will soon be occupied by Mrs. Bell. This improvement should be followed by the road being repaired that it will not be so muddy when it rains.” Butler Enterprise, July 6, 1889||“Falmouth, Ky. - J. R. Poindexter, Cynthiana, was awarded the contract for constructing water works in the city for $13,793.20.”
from Municipal Engineering, January, 1896
|Toll roads, privately owned and erratically maintained, were not popular. Stories like this one are common in Kentucky in that era.|
|“Falmouth- Ky.-The Owenton & Williamstown Telephone Company has completed its line from Falmouth to Boyd, which gives Falmouth telephone connection with all the towns of central Kentucky.” The Telephone Magazine, of October, 1901.||
“Falmouth, Ky. - The Falmouth Electric Light and Motive Power Company has been incorporated, with a capital stock of $50,000. J. C. Hamilton is one of the incorporators.” from the weekly Light, Heat and Power, April 3, 1890.
|Two Pendleton County soldiers were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for their valor in World War I. Click their names to read more about them.|
|Sergeant James Courtney||Private Henry C. Schwer|
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be related to Pendleton County, are on the main Links & Miscellany page, here.